ジャズ・ミュージシャンはドラッグや交通事故などで若死にの人も居りますが、長生きの人が多いようです。どうやらこの世界では男性優位なのが不思議です。日本のミュージシャンでも60後半から70歳を越しても現役で演奏活動をしている方は、みなさん大変に若々しいのです。ブルー・コーツの生みの親、86歳を過ぎた長尾正士さん(2003.3没)が片手に杖、もう一方の腕を息子の崇さんに抱えられながら、椅子に座ってもアルト・サックスを弟子達を従え演奏される姿を見て、感動しないものは居ないでしょう。笈田敏夫さん(2003.9没)、与田輝雄さん(2011没)なども矍鑠としてジャズを楽しむ姿はわれわれを喜ばせてくれます。つい2年ほど前にお会いしわたしの鞄に"ILove Jazz"とサインをしてくれました松本英彦さん(2000.2没)が現在、闘病生活を送られていますが、もう一度元気な姿を見たいものと祈るばかりです。

ディーン・マーチンが「こんなに長生きすると知っていたら、もっと節制するのだった」と言ったのには微笑まずにはいられません。(1995.12没)

「若い」といえば、フランスのアルザス地方に生れ、アメリカに移民したサミュエル・ウルマンが80歳を記念して書いた「若さとは」というエッセイを思い出します。このエッセイはマッカーサー元帥の座右の銘として執務室に飾ってあったことで有名になったものです。要約すると、

「青春」とはある年代をさすのではなく、心の様相をいうのだと言っています。年月は人の顔に皺を刻むが魂に皺が刻まれた時、その人は老いるのだと。美しいものに対する憧憬、大自然の偉大さに対する驚異と感動、子供のような好奇心、これらを失った時、人の心は絶望と皮肉の氷に覆われてしまう。こうなったら、神に哀れみを請うしかないのだと。

同じように画家の世界も長生きが多いようです。長生きするには美しいものを見たり、聴いたり、読んだり、書いたり、描いたり、唄ったり、演奏したりすることがよいのかも知れません。

感動とリラックス、これが長生きの秘訣なのでしょう。(1998.10)


↓名前をクリックで記事に飛びます

EAST(deceased/故人 ) 西WEST(alive as of Jan. 1, 2021)
横綱

Vera Lynn (20/6/18)
Lionel Ferbos
Dolores Hope
Fred Staton
Irving Berlin
Irving Caesar
Nancy Sinatra Sr.
Bob Hope
Herb Jeffries

103
103
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102
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101
101
100
100

横綱

大関

Hy Zaret
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Tony Martin
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Chucho Navarro
長尾正士
Robert Wright
Iola Brubeck
Jo Stafford
Bill Henderson
Buddy Greco
Henry Nemo
Leslie Bricusse (21/10/19)

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90
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大関

Jimmy Carter
瀬川昌久
 
Alan Bergman
Roy Haynes
Tony Bennett

Alan Copeland
Harry Belafonte

Cleo Laine
Burt Bacharack

Marilyn Bergman
Benny Golson
北村英治 
Barry Harris
Carroll Coates
Helen Merrill
秋満義孝
Clint Eastwood
Stephen Sondheim
Nancy Harrow
Sonny Rollins
Ahmad Jamal

96
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90
90

関脇

Arturo Toscanini
Otto Harbach
Sammy Sherman
Donald Kahn
George David Weiss
William Gottlieb

Doc Watson
Billy Taylor
Stephane Grappelli
Art van Damme
Norman Kaye
Fats Domino
Keely Smith
Vic Damone
Cecil Taylor
Annie Ross (20/7/21)
Phillis McGuire (20/12/29)
Harry Truman
Fred Astaire
Perry Como

George T. Simon
Matt Dennis
June Allyson
Earle Hagen
Jimmy Scott

Jule Styne
Les Brown
Severino Filho
尾田 悟  
Joao Gilberto
Freddy Cole (20/6/27)
小林亜星  (21/5/30)
Harry Warren
Jack Mills
Doris Fisher
Anita O'Day
Herman Leonard
Sammy Fain
Ward Swingle
Joe Bushkin
Ernestine Anderson
Little Richard (20/5/9)
ウイリー沖山 (20/6/28)
Ira Gershwin
Kid Ory
Frederick Loewe
Jimmy Durante
Vladimir Samoilovich Horowitz
Stanley Adams
June Carroll
Michel Legrand
旗 照夫
John Mills Sr.
Dimitri Tiomkin
James Moody 
Patti Page 
Horace Silver
Ornette Coleman
喜早 哲 
Grady Tate

Bob Shane (20/1/26)
Gary Peacock
(20/9/4)
Armando Manzanero (20/12/28)

89
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85
85

関脇

Pinky Winters
原田イサム  
五十嵐明要  
森 寿男 
渡辺貞夫 
Quincy Jones
マーサ三宅
Wayne Shorter
中牟礼貞則 
稲垣次郎
Willie Nelson
石井 一
Frankie Valli
Nana Mouskouri
Pat Boone
Ramsey Lewis 
Steve Lawrence
Johnny Mathis
根市タカオ

Sam Moore

89
89
88
88
87
87
87
87
87
87
87
86
86
86
86
85
85
85
85
85
小結

William C.Handy
Gene Kelly
Paul Weston
Helen Ward
George Forrest
Blossom Dearie

Donald Mills
Andy Williams

Duke Jordan
Eydie Gorme
Bob Flanigan
Dorothy McGuire
佐々木行 
Debbie Reynolds
Arthur Schwartz
Norman Granz
Mary Kaye
Max Roach
Herb Reed
Jim Hall
Phil Woods
光井章夫
前田憲男  
ペギー葉山  
Frank Sinatra
Helen Forrest
Hoagy Carmichael
Oscar Peterson
Ken Albers
Pierre Barouh
Ross Barbour
杉原 淳  
寺内タケシ  (21/6/18)
Harold Arlen
John Lewis
 
大橋節夫 
芦田ヤスシ
Glen Campbell
Peggy Lee
Chris Connor
Nancy Wilson
McCoy Tyner
Kenny Rogers
細川綾子  (20/11/28)
前野港造  
Loonis McGlohon
Ethel Waters
Johnny Green
Leonard Feather
Chucho Navarro
Joe Williams
油井正一  
Barney Kessel
Jimmy Slyde
Alex North
Abbey Lincoln
高橋伸寿 

84
84
84
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81
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小結

清水万紀夫
Engelbert Humperdinck
Kris Kristofferson
原田忠幸  
菅野邦彦 
Shirley Bassey
Roberta Flack
 
Ron Carter

池貝政俊  
霧生トシ子 
Connie Francis

Bob Flick
Tony Butala

高田敬三 
Neil Sedaka
Bobbe Norris
Jimmy LaRocca

Larry Linkin
Harold Jones
Nancy Sinatra

Herbie Hancock
Dionne Warwick
森サカエ
Tom Jones

84
84
84
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83
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82

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前頭

Adolphe Sax
Earl Hines

Count Basie
Sammy Cahn
Ella Fitzgerald
Jimmy Smith
岩波洋三  
Chick Corea (21/2/9)
Billy Eckstine
Louis Alter
Dean Martin
笈田敏夫 
Gene Puerling
Maynard Ferguson
Sylvia Fine
Steve Allen
Judith Hendricks
Jerry Jeff Walker
(20/10/24)
B.J. Thomas
(21/5/29)
Jack Strachey
Paul Robeson
Paul Whiteman

Richard Rodgers
Benny Goodman
Jimmy VanHeusen
Sy Oliver
Herbert Mills
Mal Waldron
Eddie Higgins

高見沢 宏  
沢田靖司
 
Elvin Jones
Paul Francis Webster

Milt Jackson
ジョージ川口
Dinah Shore
Dakota Staton
Al Jarreau
Aretha Franklin
Maxine Sullivan
Willie Smith
Dizzy Gillespie
Duke Ellington
Ray Brown
Ned Washington
Joe Sample

Tony Joe White
Jimmy McHugh
Bing Crosby
Al Rinker
Sam Taylor
Carmen McRae
Julie London
Jackie McLean

数原 晋    (21/4/?)
Cole Porter
Alec Wilder

Gordon Jenkins
Rube Bloom
Teddy Wilson
Lil Hardin Armstrong
Mel Torme
Rosemary Clooney
Etta James
Lionel Newman
Ray Charles
Gene Kelly

松本英彦  
Tom Pendergast

Tennessee Ernie Ford

Moe Koffman
Levi Stubbs
Etta Jones
Mary Travers
Tim Hauser
Frank Sinatra Jr.
Kenny Clarke
Nick LaRocca
Tommy Flanagan
Shirley Horn

世良 譲  
Luckey Roberts

Jimmy Rushing
Art Blakey
Henry Mancini
Joe Cocker
大矢江美  

79
79
79
79
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72
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72
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70
70
70

前頭

Sergio Mendes
Paul Anka
Louis van Dijk
Vikki Carr
Meredith d'Ambrosio
Barbra Streisand
Carole King
Marlena Shaw
Artie Butler
Seymore Stein
David Mathews
Kenny Barron
Barry Manilow
Julio Iglesias
Joni Mitchell
Salena Jones
Kiri Te Kanawa
Diana Ross
鈴木史子 
Keith Jarrett
Rod Stewart
Bette Midler
市川秀男 
Gary Brooker

Van Morrison
Jose Feliciano 
Jimmy Webb
長部正太
中尾ミエ
Liza Minnelli
Dolly Parton
まきみちる
Carole Bayer Sager
Banu Gibson
Ry Cooder

Harry Connick Jr.
スージー黒岩
西村 協
Larry Dunlap
Billy Joel  
Lionel Richie
Daryl Sherman
高岡けい子
 
Patti Austin
木村由紀夫  
Bobby McFerrin

79
79
79
79
79
78
78
78
78
78
78
77
77
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75
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75
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74
74
74
74
73
73
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73
73
72
72
71
71
71
71
70
70
70
十両













Tom Brown
Louis Armstrong
Buddy Rich
Nina Simone
Edmonia Jarrett
Zola Taylor
平原まこと (2021/11/26)
Harry Mills
Betty Carter
Josephine Baker
Marvin Hamlisch
Stan Kenton

Alan Jay Lerner

フランキー堺
Anthony Newly
Antonio Carlos Jobim 
John Brunious
Louis Prima
Lee Wiley
Claude Garden
Paula Kelly Jr.
Johnny Mercer
Sarah Vaughan
James Ingram
Fred Fisher
Oscar Hammerstein II
Miles Davis

Vernon Duke

Natalie Cole  
Sigmund Romberg
June Christy
Coleman Hawkins
Sammy Davis Jr.
Thelonious Monk
Gene Krupa
Stan Getz
John Hicks
Johnnie Ray
Donna Summer
Elmer Hopper
Isham Jones
Pee Wee Russell
Sidney Bechet
西蔭嘉樹
Janet Seidel
James P. Johnson
Johnny Hartman
Red Nichols
Jerome Kern
Eddie Jefferson
Anthony Perkins
Mahalia Jackson

69
69
69
69
69
69
69
68
68
68

68
67
67
67
67
67
67
67

67

67
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63
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63
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61
60
60
60
60
60
60

十両











Peabo Bryson
遠山晃司
阿川泰子
Janis Siegel

Diane Schuur  
細野よしひこ 
青木弘武 
ジャンボ小野 
Elvis Costello
中川ヨウ 
Pat Metheny
Laura Fygi
Cassandra Wilson
Kenny Washington
Dianne Reeves

John Mills II
Harvey Thompson

横山 裕  
八城邦義
John Pizzarelli

69
69
69
68

67

67
67
66
66
66
66

65
65

65
64
64
64
63
61
60
幕下

Frank Loesser
Jack Teagarden
King Pleasure
Billy Preston

Chet Baker
峰 純子
Monroe H. Rosenfeld
Victor Young

Walter Donaldson

Herman Hupfeld
Harry Barris
横山涼一 
Ann Burton
Brook Benton
Erroll Garner
Johnny Burke
Art Pepper
Mamie Smith
Fletcher Henderson
Buddy Bolden
小島正雄  
Ziggy Elman
Ma Rainey
Jimmy Yancey

Charlie Shavers
 
John Denver 
Craig Thompson

King Oliver

Billy Strayhorn
Paul Desmond
Bill Evans
Tommy Dorsey
Jelly Roll Morton
Tony Williams
Lester Young
Michael Jackson

59
59
59
59
58
58
57
57
57
57
57
57
56

56
56
56
56
55
55
54
54
54
53
53
53

53
53
52
52
52
51
51
51
51
50
50

幕下

Barack Obama
Wynton Marsalis
Max Raabe
小川理子 
右近 茂
Diana Krall
高瀬龍一
田辺充邦
 
Harry Connick Jr.
Stochelo Rosenberg
川村隆英  
ほんごさとこ
 
Celine Dion
ロベルト杉浦
 

59
59
58
58
57
56
56
55
53
52
52
52

52
50


Dave Lambert
Lorentz Hart
Scott Joplin

藤村有弘 
Peter Allen
Whitney Huston
Vicent Youmans
Judy Garland
Art Tatum
Eddie DeLange

Wes Montgomery

Nat King Cole
Ricky Nelson
Billie Holiday
Mildred Bailey
Art Hickman
Bessie Smith

Django Reinhaldt

Freddie Keppard
Elvis Presley
Bennie Moten
Dave Tough
Bud Powell
John Coltrane
Glenn Miller
John Lennon
前野曜子

49
48
48
48
48

48
48
47
46
45
45
45
45

44

44
43
43

43
43
42
41
41

41
40
40
40
40



Jeb Patton
Norah Jones

46
41



Dinah Washington
Fats Waller
George Gershwin
Wynton Kelly
Bobby Darin
Una Mae Carlisle

Marilyn Monroe
Charlie Parker
Chick Webb
Don Barbour
Paul Cheambers

39
39
39
39
37
37
36
34
34
34
34



Gerald Clayton
Jennifer Sanon

37
36



Hank Williams
Bix Beiderbecke

John Mills Jr.
Charlie Christian
Clifford Brown
Scott LaFaro
RichiePowell

29
27
26
25

25
25
24


   
71085

誕生と死去日(名前順)

Name Birthday Deathday
  Year
Date
Place Year
Date
Place

Adolphe Sax
Al Caiola
Al Rinker
Al Jarreau
Alan Bergman
Alan Copeland
Alan Jay Lerner
Alec Wilder
Alex North
Andy Lazaff
Andy Williams
Anita O'Day
Ann Burton
Anthony Newley
Antonio Carlos Jobim
Annie Ross
Aretha Franklin
Art Blakey
Art Hickman
Art Pepper
Art Tatum
Art Van Damme
Arthur Schwartz
Artie Shaw

1814
1920
1907
1940
1925
1926
1918
1907
1910
1895
1928
1919
1933
1931
1927
1930
1942
1919
1886
1925
1909
1920
1900
1910

11.06
09.07
12.20
03.12
09.11
10.06
08.31
02.16
12.04
12.16
12.03
10.18
03.04
09.24
01.25
07.25
03.25
10.11
06.13
09.01
10.13
04.09
11.25
05.23

Dinant, Belgium
Jersey City, NJ
Takoma, WA
Milwaukee, WI
Brooklyn, NY
Los Angels, CA
New York, NY
Rochester, NY
Chester, PA
Washington, D.C.
Wall Lake, IA
Kansas City, MO
Amsterdam, Netherland
London, UK
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
London, UK
Menphis, TN
Pittsburgh, PA
Oakland, CA
Gardena, CA
Toledo, OH
Norway, MI
New York, NY
New York, NY

1894
2016
1982
2017


1986
1980
1991
1973
2012
2006
1989
1999
1994
2020
2018
1990
1930
1982
1956
2010
1984
2004

02.07
11.09
06.11
02.12


06.14
12.24
09.08
02.03
09.25
11.23
11.29
04.14
12.08
07.21
08.16
10.16
01.16
06.15
11.05
02.15
09.03
12.30

Paris, France
Allendale, NJ
Burbank, CA
Los Angels, CA


New York, NY
Gainesville, FL
Los Angeles, CA
North Hollywood, CA
Branson, MO
Los Angels, CA
Amsterdam, Netherland
Jensen Beach, FL
New York, NY
New York, NY
Detroit, MI
New York, NY
San Francisco, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Roseville, CA
Kintnersville, PA
Thousand Oaks, CA

Banu Gibson
Barack Obama
Barbra Streisand
Barney Kessel
Barry Harris
Barry Manilow
Bennie Moten
Benny Carter
Benny Golson
Benny Goodman
Bessie Smith
Bette Midler
Betty Carter
Bill Evans
Bill Henderson
Billie Holiday
Billy Eckstine
Billy Joel
Billy Strayhorn
Billy Taylor
Bing Crosby
Bix Beiderbecke
Blossom Dearie
Bob Flanigan
Bob Hope
Bob Dorough
Bob Shane
Bobbe Norris
Bobby Darin
Bobby McFerrin
Brook Benton
Bucky Pizzarelli
Bud Powell
Buddy Bolden
Buddy Rich
Buddy Greco
Burt Bacharach

1947
1961
1942
1923
1929
1943
1894
1907
1929
1909
1894
1945
1930
1929
1926
1915
1914
1949
1915
1921
1903
1904
1924
1926
1903
1923
1934
1939
1936
1950
1931
1926
1924
1877
1917
1926
1928

10.24
08.04
04.24
10.17
12.15
06.17
11.13
08.08
01.25
05.30
04.15
12.01
05.16
08.16
03.19
04.07
07.08
05.09
11.29
07.24
05.03
05.10
04.28
08.22
05.29
12.12
02.01
06.26

05.14
03.11
09.19
01.09
09.27
09.06
09.30
08.14
05.12

Dayton, OH
Honolulu, HI
Brooklyn, NY
Muskogee, OK
Detroit, MI
Brooklyn, NY
Kansas City, MO
New York, NY
Philadelphia, PA
Chicago, IL
Chattanooga, TN
Honolulu, HI
Flint, MI
Plainfield, NJ
Chicago, IL
Baltimore, MD
Pittsburgh, PA
Long Island, NY
Dayton, OH
Greenville, NC
Tacoma, WA
Davenport, IA
East Durhum, NY
Greencastle, IN
Eltham, England
Cherry Hill, AR
Hilo, HI
San Francisco, CA
Bronx, NY
New York, NY
Camden, SC
Paterson, NJ
Harlem, NY
New Orleans, LA
Brooklyn, NY
Philadelphia, PA
Kansas City, MO

 

 
2004
 
 
1935
2003
 
1986
1937

1998
1980
2016
1959
1993

1967
2010
1977
1931
2009
2011
2003
2018
2020

1973

1988
2020
1966
1931
1987
2017

 
 

05.06
 
 
04.02
07.12
 
06.13
09.26

09.26
08.15
04.03
09.15
07.17
03.08
05.31
12.28
10.14
08.06
0207
05.15
07.27
04.23
01.26

12.20

04.09
04.01
07.31
11.04
04.02
01.10

 
 

San Diego, CA
 
 
Kansas City, MO
Los Angeles, CA
 
New York, NY
Clarksdale, MS

Brooklyn, NY
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY
New York, NY
Pittsburgh, PA
New York, NY
Manhattan, NY
Madrid, Spain
New York, NY
New York, NY
Las Vegas, NV
Los Angeles, CA
Mount Bethel, PA
Phoenix, AZ

Los Angeles, CA

New York, NY
Saddle River, NJ
New York, NY
Jackson, LA
Los Angeles, CA
Las Vegas, NV

Carmen McRae
Carole King
Carole Bayer Sager
Carrol Channing
Carroll Coates
Cassandra Wilson
Cecil Taylor
Charles Chas Newman
Charlie Parker
Charlie Chhristian
Charlie Shavers
Chet Baker
Chick Corea
Chick Webb
Chris Connor
Christine McGuire
Claramae Turner
Cleo Laine
Clifford Brown
Clint Eastwood
Claude Garden
Cole Porter
Coleman Hawkins
Connie Francis
Count Basie
Craig Thompson

1920
1942
1947
1921
1929
1955
1929
1901
1920
1916
1917
1929
1941
1905
1927
1926
1920
1927

1930
1930
1937
1891
1904
1938
1904
1964

04.08
02.09
03.08
01.31
09.23
12.03
03.25
02.22
08.29
07.29
08.03
12.23
06.12
02.10
11.08
07.30
10.28
10.28
10.30
05.31
02.27
06.09
11.21
12.12
08.21
12.26
New York, NY
Brooklyn, NY
New York, NY
Seatle, WA
England
Jackson, MS
New York, NY
Chicago, IL
Kansas City, MO
Bonham, TX
New York, NY
Yale, OK
Chelsea, MA
Baltimore, MD
Kansas City, MO
Middletown, OH
Dinuba, CA
Uxbridge, Middlesex, England
Wilmington, DE
San Francisco, CA
Verneuil sur Avre France
Peru, IN
St.Joseph, MO
Newark, NJ
Red Bank, NJ
Dallas, TX

1994


2019


2018
1978
1955
1942
1971
1988
2021
1939
2009
2018
2013

1956

2004
1964
1969

1984
2018

11.10


01.15


04.05
01.09

03.12
03.02
07.08
05.13
02.09
06.16
08.29
12.28
05.18

06.26

12.09
10.15
05.19

04.26
07.07

Beverly Hills, CA


Rancho Mirage, CA


Booklyn, NY
Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY
Staten Island, NY
New York, NY
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Tampa, FL
Baltimore, MD
Toms River, NJ
Las Vegas, NV
Santa Rosa, CA

Pennsylvania Turnpike

Paris, France
Santa Monica, CA
New York, NY

Hollywood, CA
Dallas, TX

Dakota Staton
Danny Kaye
Daryl Sherman
Dave Brubeck
Dave Pell
Dave Lambert
Dean Martin
Debbie Reynolds
Diana Ross
Diana Krall
Diane Schuur
Django Reinhaldt
Dianne Reeves
Dimitri Tiomkin
Dinah Shore
Dinah Washington
Dionne Warwick
Dizzy Gillespie
Doc Wtson
Dolly Baker
Dolly Parton
Dolores Hope
Don Barbour
Donald Kahn
Donna Summer
Doris Day
Doris Fihser
Dorothy McGuire
Duke Ellington
Duke Jordan

1930
1913
1949
1920
1925
1917
1917
1932
1944
1964
1953
1910
1956
1894
1916
1924
1940
1917
1923
1922
1946
1909
1927
1918
1948
1922
1915
1928
1899
1922

06.03
01.18
06.14
12.06
02.26
06.19
06.07
04.01
03.26
11.16
12.10
01.23
11.23
05.10
02.29
08.29
12.12
10.21
03.03
02.07
01.19
05.27
04.17
07.17
12.31
04.03
05.02
02.13
04.29
04.01

Pittsburg, PA
Brooklyn, NY
Woonsocket, RI
Concord, CA
Blookliyn, NY
St. James Parish, LA
Steubenville, OH
El Paso, TX
Detroit, MI
Nanaimo, Canada
Tacoma, WA
Liberchies, Belgium
Detroit, MI
Ukraine
Winchester, TN
Tuscaloosa, AL
East Orange, NJ
Cheraw, SC
Deep Gap, NC
New York, NY
Sevier County, TN
New York, NY
Columbus, IN
Chicago, IL
Boston, MA
Cincinnati, OH
New York, NY
Middletown, OH
Washington, D.C.
New York, NY

2007
1987

2012
2017
1966
1995
2016



1953

1979
1994
1963

1993
2012
2014

2011
1961
2008
2012
2019
2003
2012
1974
2006

04.10
03.03

12.05
05.10
10.03
12.25
12.28



05.16

11.11
02.24
12.14

01.06
06.05
04.23

09.19
10.05
04.11
05.17
05.13
01.15
09.07
05.24
08.08

New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA

Norwalk, CT
Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Beverly Hills, CA
Los Angeles, CA



Fontainebleau, France

London, England
Beverly Hills, CA
Detroit, MI

Englewood, NJ
Winston-Salem, NC
Brookline, MA

Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Beverly Hills, CA
Keywest, FL
Carmel Valley, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Phoenix, AZ
New York, NY
Copenhagen, Denmark

Earl Hines
Earle Hagen
Ella Fitzgerald
Eddie Jefferson

Edmonia Jarrett
Elmer Hopper
Elvin Jones
Elvis Presley
Elvis Costello
Engelbert Humperdinck
Ernestine Anderson
Erroll Garner
Ervin Drake
Etta James
Etta Jones
Ethel Waters

Eubie Blake
Eydie Gorme

1903
1912
1917
1918

1933
1956
1927
1935
1954
1936
1928
1921
1919
1938
1928
1896
1887
1928

12.28
07.09
04.25
08.03

03.11
04.14
09.09
01.08
08.25
05.02
11.11
06.15
03.03
01.25
11.25
10.31
02.07
08.16

Dusquesne, PA
Chicago, IL
Newport News, VA
Pittsburgh, PA

Seattle, WA
Los Angeles, CA
Pontiac, MI
Tupelo, MS
London, England
Madras, British India
Houston, TX
Pittsburgh, PA
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
Aiken,
CA
Chester, PA
Baltimore, MD
New York, NY

1983
2008
1996
1979
2002
2019
2004
1977


2016
1977
2015
2012
2001
1977
1983

2013

04.22
05.26
06.15
05.09

03.16
05.09
05.18
08.16


03.10
01.02
01.15
01.20
10.16
09.01
02.12

08.10

Oakland, CA
Rancho Mirage, CA
Beverly Hills, CA
Detroit. MI

Seattle, WA
Culver City, CA
Englewood, NJ
Memphis, TN


Seattle, WA
Los Angeles, CA
Great Neck, NY
Riverside, CA
Mount Vernon, NY
Chatsworth, CA
Booklyn, NY
Las Vegas, NV

Fats Domino
Fats Waller
Fletcher Henderson
Frank Loesser
Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra Jr.
Frankie Laine
Fred E. Ahlert
Fred Astaire
Fred Fisher
Fred Staton
Freddie Keppard
Freddy Cole
Frederic Weatherly
Frederick Loewe

1928
1904
1897
1910
1915
1944
1913
1892
1899
1875
1915
1889
1931
1848
1901

02.26
05.21
12.18
06.29
12.12
01.10
03.30
09.19
05.10
09.30
02.14
02.27
10.15
10.04
06.10

New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Cuthbert, GA
New York, NY
Hoboken, NJ
Jersey City, NJ
Chicago, IL
New York, NY
Omaha, NE
Cologne, Germany
Pittsburgh, PA
New Orleans, LA
Chicago, IL
Portishead, Somerset, Eng.
Berlin, Germany

2017
1943
1952
1969
1998
2016
2007
1953
1987
1942
2017
1933
2020
1929
1988

10.24
12.15
12.29
03.28
05.14
03.16
02.06
10.20
06.22
01.14
10.25
12.21
06.27
09.07
02.14

Harvey, LA
Kansas City, MO
New York, NY
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
Daytona Beach, FL
San Diego, CA
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY
Bronx, NY
Chicago, IL
A tlanta, GA
Bathwick Lodge, Bath, Eng
Palm Springs, CA
Gene Kelly
Gene Krupa
Gene Puerling
George David Weiss
George Gershwin
George Shearing
Gerald Wilson
Glen Cambell
Glenn Miller
Gordon Jenkins
Grady Tate
Gus Kahn
1912
1909
1929
1921
1898
1919
1918
1936
1904
1910
1932
1886
08.23
01.15
03.31
04.09
09.26
08.13
09.04
04.22
03.01
05.12
01.14
11.06
Pittsburgh, PA
Chicago, IL
Milwaukee, WI
New York, NY
New York, NY
London, England
Shelby, MS
Billstown, AK
Clarinda, IA
Webster Groves, MO
Durham, NC
Coblentz, Germany

1996
1973
2008
2010
1937
2011
2014
2017
1944
1984
2017
1941

02.02
10.16
03.25
08.23
07.11
02.14
09.08
18.08
12.15
05.01
10.11
10.08

Beverly Hills, CA
Yonkers, NY
San Fransisco, CA
Oldwick, NJ
Beverly Hills, CA
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
Nashbille, TN
English Channel
Los Angels, CA
New York, NY
Beverly Hills, CA

Hal David
Hank Jones
Harold Arlen
Harry Barris
Harry Belafonte
Harry Conick Jr.
Harry Truman
Harry Warren
Harvey Thompson
Helen Ward
Helen Forrest
Helen Merrill
Henry Mancini
Herb Jeffries
Herb Reed
Herbert von Karajan
Herbie Hancock
Herman Hupfeld
Herman Leonard
Hoagy Carmichael
Horace Silver
Hy Zaret

1921
1918
1905
1905
1927
1967
1884
1893
1956
1913
1917
1929
1924
1913
1928
1908
1940
1894
1923
1899
1928
1907

05.25
07.31
02.15
11.25
03.01
09.11
05.08
12.24
07.28
09.19
04.12
07.21
04.16
09.24
08.07
04.05
04.12
02.11
03.06
11.11
09.02
08.21

New York, NY
Vicksburg, MS
Buffalo, NY
New York, NY
Harlem New York, NY
New Orleans, LA
Lamer, MI
Blooklyn, NY
Detroit, MI
New York, NY
Atlantic City, NJ
New York, NY
Cleveland, OH
Detroit, MI
Kansas City, MO
Salzburg Austria
Chicago, IL
Montclair, NJ
Allentown、PA
Bloomington, IN
Norwalk, CT
New York, NY

2012
2010
1986
1962


1972
1981

1998
1999

1994
2014
2012
1989

1951
2010
1981
2014
2007

09.01
05.16
04.23
12.13


12.26
09.22

04.21
07.11

06.14
05.25
06.04
07.15

06.08
08.14
12.27
06.16
07.02

Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY
New York, NY
Burbank, CA


Kansas City, MI
Los Angeles, CA

Arlington, VA
Los Angeles, CA

Beverly Hills, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Boston, MA
Anif, Austria

Montclair, NJ
Los Angels, CA
Palm Springs, CA
New Rochelle, NY
Westport, CT
Ira Gershwin
Irving Berlin
Irving Mills
Isham Jones
1896
1888
1894
1894
12.06
05.11
01.16
01.31
New York, NY
Tumen, Russia
New York, NY ホントはUkline
Coalton, OH
1983
1989
1985
1956
08.17
09.22
04.21
10.19
Beverly Hills, CA
New York, NY
Palm Springs, CA
Hollywood, FL

Jack Mills
Jack Strachey
Jack Teagarden
Jackie McLean
James Price Johnson
James Moody
Janet Seidel
Janis Siegel
Jeb Patton
Jelly Roll Morton
Jerry Jeff Walker
Jerome Kern
Jim Hall
Jimmy Durante
Jimmy LaRocca
Jimmy McHugh
Jimmy Van Heusen
Jimmy Scott
Jimmy Slyde(Jazz Tap)
Jimmy Smith
Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Yancey
Jo Stafford
Jo Thompson
Joe Williams
Joe Sample
Joe Cocker
John Coltrane
John Hicks
John Lennon
John Lewis
John Pizzarelli
Johnny Burke
Johnny Green
Johnny Hartman
Johnny Mandel
Johnny Mathis
Johnny Mercer
Jon Hendricks
Joni Mitchell
Josephine Baker
Judy Garland
Jule Styne
Julie London
June Christy
Junior Mance

1891
1894
1905
1931
1894
1925
1955
1952
1974
1890
1942
1885
1930
1893
1939
1894
1913
1925
1927
1925
1946
1894
1917
1928
1918
1939
1944
1926
1941
1940
1920
1960
1908
1908
1923
1925
1935
1909
1921
1943
1906
1922
1905
1926
1925
1928

?
09.25
08.29
05.17
02.01
05.26
05.28
07.23
08.17
10.20
03.16
01.27
12.04
02.10
10.27
10.10
01.26
07.17
10.02
12.08
08.15
02.20
11.12
07.09
12.12
02.01
05.20
09.23
12.12
10.09
05.03
04.06
10.03
10.10
07.03
11.23
09.30
11.18
09.16
11.07
06.03
06.10
12.31
09.26
11.20
10.10
New York, NY
London, England
Vernon, TX
New York, NY
New Brunswick, NJ
Savannah, GA
Cummins, South Australia
Blooklyn, NY
Kensington, MD
New Orleans, LA
Oneonta, NY
New York, NY
Buffalo, NY
New York, NY
New Orleans, LA
Boston, MA
Syracuse, NY
Cleveland, OH
Atlanta, GA
Norristown, PA
Elk City, OK
Chicago, IL
Coalinga, CA
Detroit, IL
Cordele, GA
Houston, TX
Sheffield, England, UK
Hamlet, NC
Atlanta, GA
Liverpool, England, UK
la Grande, IL
Paterson, NJ
Antioch, CA
New York, NY
Chicago, IL
New York, NY
Gilmer, TX
Savannah, GA
Newark, OH
Fort Macleod, Canada
St. Louis, MO
Grand Rapids, MN
London, UK
Santa Rosa, CA
Springfield, IL
Evanston, IL
1979
1972
1964
2006
1955
2010
2017


1941
2020
1945
2013
1980

1969
1990
2014
2008
2005

1951
2008
2021
1999
2014
2014
1967
2006
1980
2001

1964
1989
1983
2020

1976
2017

1975
1969
1994
2000
1990
2021

03.23
05.27
01.15
03.31
11.17
12.09
08.07


07.10
10.23
11.11
12.10
01.29

05.23
02.06
06.12
05.16
02.08

09.17
07.16
03.09
03.29
09.12
12.22
07.17
05.10
12.08
03.29

02.25
05.15
09.15
06.29

06.25
11.22

04.12
06.22
09.20
10.18
06.21
01.17

Hollywood, FL
London, England
New Orleans, LA
Hartford, CT
New York, NY
San Diego, CA
Sidney, Australia


Los Angeles, CA
Austin, TX
New York, NY
Manhattan, NY
Santa Monica, CA

Bevery Hills, CA
Palm Spring, CA
Las Vegas, NV
Hanson, MA
Phoenix, AZ

Chicago, IL
Los Angeles, CA
Detroit, IL
Las Vegas, NV
Houston, TX
Crawford, CO
New York, NY
New York, NY
New York, NY
New York, NY

New York, NY
Beverly Hills, CA
New York, NY
New York, NY

Los Angeles, CA
Manhattan, NY

Psris, France
London, UK
New York, NY
Los Angels, CA
Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY

Kay Starr
Keely Smith
Keith Jarrett
Ken Albers
Kenny Barron
Kenny Clarke
Kid Ory
King Oliver
King Pleasure
Kiryu Toshiko
Kurt Weill
1922
1928
1945
1924
1943
1914
1886
1885
1922
1938
1900

07.21
03.09
05.08
12.10
06.09
01.09
12.25
05.11
04.24
09.22
03.02

Dougherty, OK
Norfolk, VA
Allentown, PA
Woodbury, NJ
Philadelphia, PA
Pittsburgh, PA
La Place, LA
New Orleans, LA
Oakdale, TN
Tokyo, JAPAN
Dessau, Germany

2016
2017

2007

1985
1973
1938
1982

1950

11.03
12.16

04.19

01.26
01.23
04.08
04.21

04.03

Beverly Hills, CA
Palm Springs, CA

Simi Valley, CA

Paris, France
Honolulu, HI
Savannah, GA
Los Angeles, CA

New York, NY

Larry Linkin
Larry Dunlap
Laura Fygi
Lee Wiley
Lena Horne
Leonard Feather
Les Paul
Lester Young
Levi Stubbs
Lil Hardin Armstrong
Lionel Ferbos
Lionel Hampton
Loonis McGlohon
Lorenz Hart
Louis Armstrong
Louis Prima
Luckey Roberts
1939
1949
1955
1908
1917
1914
1915
1909
1936
1898
1911
1909
1921
1894
1901
1910
1887
?
06.13
08.27
10.09
06.30
09.13
06.09
08.27
06.06
02.03
07.17
04.12
09.29
05.02
08.04
12.07
08.07
Burlington, IA
Pacilis, CA
Amsterdam, Netherland
Fort Gibson, OK
Brooklyn, NY
London, England
Waukesha, WI
Woodville, MS
Detroit, MI
Memphis, TN
New Orleans, LA
Louisville, KY
Ayden, NC
New York, NY
New Orleans, LA
New Orleans, LA
Philadelphia, PA



1975
2010
1994
2009
1959
2008
1971
2014
2002
2002
1943
1971
1978
1968



12.11
05.09
09.22
08.13
03.15
10.17
08.27
07.19
08.31
02.26
11.22
07.06
08.24
02.05



New York, NY
New York, NY
Sherman Oaks, CA
White Plane, NY
New York, NY
Detroit, MI
Chicago, IL
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Charlotte, NC
New york, NY
New York, NY
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Ma Rainey
Mahalia Jackson
Mal Waldron
Mamie Smith
Marian McPartland
Marilyn Bergman
Mary Kaye
Mary Travers
Martha Tilton
Masashi Nagao
Matt Dennis
Max Raabe
Max Roach
Maxine Sullivan
Maynard Ferguson
Meredith d'Ambrosio
Mel Torme
Michel Legrand
Mildred Bailey
Miles Davis
Milli Vernon
Milt Hinton
Milt Jackson
Mitch Miller
Mitchell Parish
Moe Koffman
Monroe H. Rosenfeld
1886
1911
1925
1891
1918
1929
1924
1936
1915
1912
1914
1962
1924
1911
1928
1941
1925
1932
1904
1926
1930
1910
1923
1911
1900
1928
1861

04.26
10.26
08.16
05.26
03.20
11.10
01.09
11.09
02.11
08.14
12.12
01.10
05.13
05.04
04.20
09.13
02.24
02.27
05.25
05.26
01.23
01.01
07.04
07.10
12.28
12.28
?

Columbus, GA
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Cincinnati, OH
Slough, England, UK
Brooklyn, NY
Detroit, MI
Louisville, KY
Corpus Christi, TX
Tokyo, JAPAN
Seattle, WA
Lunen, West Germany
Dismal Swamp, NC
Homestead, PA
Verdun, Canada
Boston, MA
Chicago, IL
Paris, France
Tekoma, WA
Alton, IL
New York, NY
Vicksburg, MS
Detroit, MI
Rochester, NY
Lithuania
Toronto, Canada
Richmpnd, VA

1939
1972
2002
1946
2013

2007
2009
2006
2003

2002

2007
1987
2006

1999
2019
1951
1991

2000
1999
2010
1993
2001
1918

12.22
01.27
12.02
08.16
08.20

02.17
09.16
12.06
03.05
06.21

08.16
04.07
08.23

06.05
01.26
12.12
09.28

12.19
10.10
07.31
03.31
03.28
12.13
Columbus, GA
Chicago, IL
Brussels, Belgium
New York, NY
Port Washington, NY

Las Vegas, NV
Danbury, CT
Los Angeles, CA
Tokyo, JAPAN
Riverside, CA

New York, NY
New York, NY
Ventura, CA

Los Angels, CA
Paris, France
Poughkeepsie, NY
Santa Monica, CA

Queens, NY
New York, NY
New York, NY
New York, NY
Orangeville, Ontario
New York, NY
Nancy Harrow
Nancy Sinatra
Nancy Wilson
Nat King Cole
Natalie Cole
Neal Hefti
Ned Washington
Nick LaRocca
Nina Simone
Norah Jones
Norman Granz

1930
1940
1937
1919
1950
1922
1901
1889
1933
1979
1918

10.03
06.04
02.20
03.17
02.06
10.29
08.15
04.11
02.21
03.30
08.06
New York, NY
Jersey City, NJ
Chillicothe, OH
Montgomery, AL
Los Angeles, CA
Hastings, Nebraska
Scranton, PA
New Orleans, LA
Tryon, NC
New York, NY
Los Angels, CA


2018
1965
2015
2008
1976
1961
2003

2001


12.13
02.15
12.31
10.11
12.20
02.22
04.21

11.22



Pioneertown, CA
Santa Monica, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Toluca Lake, CA
Los Angeles, CA
New Orleans, LA
Southern France

Geneva Switzerland

Ornette Coleman
Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Peterson
Otto Harbach
1930
1895
1925
1873
03.09
07.25
08.15
08.18
Fort Worth, TX
New York, NY
Montreal, Canada
Salt LakeCity, UT
2015
1960
2007
1963
06.11
08.23
12.23
01.24
New York, NY
Doylestown, PA
Ontario Canada
New York, NY
Patty Andrews
Patti Austin
Patti Page
Paul Robeson
Paul Whiteman
Paul Francis Webster
Paul Desmond
Paul Weston
Paul Anka
Paul McCartney
Pee Wee Russell
Peggy Lee
Perry Como
Pete Rugolo
Peter Allen
Phil Woods
Phillis McGuire
Pinky Winters
1918
1950
1927
1898
1890
1907
1924
1912
1941
1942
1906
1920
1912
1915
1944
1931
1931
1931
02.16
08.10
11.08
04.09
04.28
12.20
11.25
03.12
07.30
06.18
03.27
05.26
05.18
12.25
02.10
11.02
02.14
02.01

Mound, MN
New York, NY
Muskogee, OK
Princeton, NJ
Denver, CO
New York, NY
San Francisco, CA
Sprinfield, MA
Ottawa, Canada
Liverpool, England
Maplewood, MO
Jamestown, ND
Canonsburg, PA
San Piero, Sicily
Austria
Springfield, MA
Middletown, OH
Michigan City, IN

2013

2013
1976
1967
1984
1977
1996


1969
2002
2001

2011
1992
2015
2020

01.30

01.01
01.23
12.29
03.18
05.30
09.20


02.15
01.21

05.12
10.16
06.18
09.29
12.29

Los Angeles, CA

Encinitas, CA
Philadelphia, PA
New Hope, PA
Beverly Hills, CA
New York, NY
Santa Monica, CA


Alexandria, VA
Bel Air, CA

Jupiter, FL 
Sherman Oaks, CA
San Diego, CA
East Stroudsburg, PA
Las Vegas, NV
Quincy Jones 1933
03.14
Chicago, IL
 
 
 

Ralph Sharon
Ray Brown
Ray Charles
Red Nichols
Richard Rodgers
Richie Powell
Roberta Flack
Ron Carter
Rosemary Clooney
Ross Barbour
Rube Bloom
Ry Cooder

1923
1926
1930
1905
1902
1931
1937
1937
1928
1928
1902
1947

09.17
10.13
09.23
05.08
06.28
09.05
02.10
05.04
05.23
12.31
04.24
03.15

London, England
Pittsburgh, PA
Albany, GA
Ogden, UT
Long Island, NY
New York, NY
Ashville, NC
Ferndale, IL
Maysville, KY
Columbus, IN
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
2015
2002
2004
1965
1979
1956


2002
2011
1976
03.31
07.02
06.10
06.28
12.30
06.26


06.29
08.20
03.30
Boulder, CO
Indianapollis, IN
Beverly Hills, CA
Las Vegas, NV
New York, NY
Bedford, PA


Beverly Hills, CA
Simi Valley, CA
New York, NY

Salena Jones
Sam Taylor
Sammy Cahn
Sammy Davis Jr.
Sammy Fain
Sarah Vaughan
Scott Joplin
Scott LaFaro
Seger Ellis
Shirley Bassey
Shirley Horn
Shoichi Yui
Sidney Bechet
Sonny Rollins
Stan Getz
Stan Kenton
Stanley Adams
Steve Allen
Stephane Grappelli
Stephen Sondheim
Steve Lawrence
Stochelo Rosenberg 
Sy Oliver
Sylvia Fine

1944
1916
1913
1925
1902
1924
1868
1936
1904
1937
1934
1918
1897
1930
1927
1911
1907
1921
1908
1930
1935
1968
1910
1913

01.29
07.12
06.18
12.08
06.17
03.27
11.24
04.03
07.04
01.08
05.01
08.15
05.14
09.07
02.02
12.15
04.14
12.21
01.26
03.22
07.08
02.19
12.17
08.29
Newport News, VA
Lexington, TN
New York, NY
New York, NY
New York, NY
Newark, NJ
Bowie City, TX
Newark, NJ
Houston, TX
Wales, England
Washington D.C.
Yokohama, Japan
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Philadelphia, PA
Wichita, KS
Manhattan, NY
New York, NY
Paris, France
New York, NY
Brooklyn, NY
Helmond, Netherland
Battle Creek, MI
Brooklyn, NY

1990
1993
1990
1989
1990
1917
1961
1995

2005
1998
1959

1991
1979
1994
2000
1997



1988
1991

10.05
01.15
05.16
12.06
04.03
04.01
06.06
09.29

10.20
06.08
05.14

06.06
08.25
01.27
10.30
12.01



05.28
10.28

Atlanta, GA
Los Angeles, CA
Beverly Hills, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Los Angeles, CA
New York, NY
Flint, NY
Houston, TX

Cheverly, MD

Paris, France

Malibu, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Manhasset, NY
Encino, CA
Paris, France



New York, NY
New York, NY
Teddy Wilson
Thelonious Monk
Tim Hauser
Tom "Red" Brown
Tom Jones
Tom Pendergast
Tommy Dorsey
Tommy Flanagan
Tony Bennett
Tony Williams
Toots Thielemans
Toshiko Kiryu
1912
1917
1941
1888
1940
1872
1905
1930
1926
1945
1922
1938
11.24
10.10
12.12
06.03
06.07
07.22
11.19
03.16
08.03
12.12
04.29
09.22
Austin, TX
Rocky Mount, NC
Troy, NY
New Orleans, LA
Glamorgan, Wales
St. Joseph, MI
Shenandoah, PA
Detroit, MI
Queens, NY
Chicago, IL
Brussels, Belgium
Japan
1986
1982
2014
1958

1945
1956
2001

1997
2016
07.31
02.17
10.16
03.25

01.26
11.26
11.16

02.23
08.22
New Britain, CT
Weehawken, NJ
Sayre, PA
New Orleans, LA

Ward Parkway, MI
Greenwich, CT
New York, NY

Dary City, CA
Brussels, Belgium
Una Mae Carlisle 1918
12.26
Xenia, OH
1956
11.07
New York, NY 
Vera Lynn
Vernon Duke
Victor Herbert
Victor Young
Vikki Carr
Vicent Youmans
1917
1903
1859
1899
1941
1898
03.20
10.10
02.01
08.08
07.19
02.27
East Ham, Essex, England
Parafianovo, Belarus
Dublin, Ireland
Chicago, IL
El Paso, TX
New York, NY
2020
1969
1924
1956

1946
06.18
01.16
05.26
11.10

04.05
Ditchling, East Sussex, England
Santa Monica, CA
New York, NY
Palm Springs, CA

Denver, CO
Walter Donaldson
Ward Swingle
Wayne Shorter
Wes Montgomery
Whitney Houston
William C. Handy
William P. Gottlieb
Willie "The Lion" Smith
Woody Herman
1893
1927
1933
1925
1963
1873
1917
1897
1913

02.15
09.21
08.25
03.06
08.09
11.16
01.28
11.25
05.16

Brooklyn, NY
Mobile, AL
Newark, NJ
Indeanapolis, IN
Newark, NJ
Muscle Shoals, AL
New York, NY
Goshen, NY
Milwaukee, WI
1947
2015

1968
2012
1958
2006
1973
1987

07.15
01.19

06.15
02.11
03.28
04.23
04.18
10.29

Santa Monica, CA
Eastbourne, England

Indeanapolis, IN
Beverly Hills, CA
New York, NY
Great Neck, NY
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
Ziggy Elman
Zola Taylor
1914
1938
05.14
03.17
Philadelphia, PA
Los Angeles, CA
1968
2007
06.26
04.30
Los Angeles, CA
Riverside, CA

 

誕生年順の名簿

 

 

 

州名

略号
アラバマ州
アラスカ州
アリゾナ州
アーカンソー州
カリフォルニア州
コロラド州
コネチカット州
デラウェア州
ワシントンD.C.
フロリダ州
ジョージア州
ハワイ州
アイダホ州
イリノイ州
インディアナ州
アイオワ州
カンザス州
ケンタッキー州
ルイジアナ州
メイン州
メリーランド州
マサチューセッツ
ミシガン州
ミネソタ州
ミシシッピ州
ミズーリ州
モンタナ州
ネブラスカ州
ネバダ州
ニューハンプシャー州
ニュージャージー州
ニューメキシコ州
ニューヨーク州
ノースカロライナ州
ノースダコタ州
オハイオ州
オクラホマ州
オレゴン州
ペンシルベニア州
ロードアイランド州
サウスカロライナ州
サウスダコタ州
テネシー州
テキサス州
ユタ州
バーモント州
バージニア州
ワシントン州
ウェストバージニア州
ウィスコンシン州
ワイオミング州
AL
AK
AZ
AR
CA
CO
CT
DE
DC
FL
GA
HI
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS
KY
LA
ME
MD
MA
MI
MN
MS
MO
MT
NE
NV
NH
NJ
NM
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
RI
SC
SD
TN
TX
UT
VT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY