Jazz and History

(19) Introduction of Saxophone 

Coleman Hawkins(1904-1969)

A saxophone had never been used in an old New Orleans style band. Thus, clarinet was a reed instrument, instead.

A Belgian, Adolph Sax designed a new music instrument in 1846. Until Jazz bands in Chicago or in New York employed the saxophone, only Army brass bands had used saxophone.

As 1920's began, Coleman Hawkins called "Giant of Sax" seemed to have employed saxophone to play Jazz. He then was known for outstanding performance of "Body and Soul".

Even 20 years before, 1902, Father of Blues, W. C. Handy organized saxophone quartet, which was such an unconventional idea at that time.

[translated by Mariko Ukawa]

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